Establishment of ESIT is closely connected with the name of professor
Vasily Rodionovich Filippov
- rector of Buryat Zoological and Veterinary Institute.
In 1955 thanks to the initiative of Vasily Rodionovich preparation
of engineers in three technical specialties started: "Industrial and
civil building", "Technology of leather and fur", "Technology of meat
and meat products". Being already the Chairman of the Ministers’ council
of the Buryat Autonomous Republic, and then the first secretary of the Buryat
regional committee of the communist party, professor V.R.Filippov persistently
brought his attention to the question of technical college organizing in
Buryatia. Result of such activity was the Decision of Ministers’ council
of the USSR № 479 from May, 2nd,
1962 about organization in Ulan-Ude East Siberian Institute of Technology.
On June, 19th, 1962 there was the order of Minister of the higher and
specialized secondary education of the RSFSR about organization of East
Siberian Institute of Technology on the basis of the technological and
building faculties of Buryat Agricultural Institute of the Ministry of
Agriculture of the RSFSR.
With the next order of the Minister of the higher and specialized
secondary education of the RSFSR rector of East Siberian Institute
of Technology was appointed Dr.Tech.Sc., Associate Professor
Damnin Shagdurovich Frolov.
The order of the Ministry of higher and specialized secondary
education of the RSFSR №783 from November, 26th, 1962, the institute
structure was confirmed: administration, central office,
faculties, chairs, offices, laboratories, establishments and the organizations.
According to this order rector of the institute appointed Associate
Professor N.V.Golubtsov as Vice-rector for educational and scientific work;
K.D.Dabain - as Vice-rector for administrative work; V.A.Tykheev - as
the Head of teaching department; A.D.Khiltukhinov - as personnel manager;
L.G.Prokhovtseva - as Head of managing office; M.I.Afanasieva -
as Head accountant; Z.D.Angapova - as Head of the library.
The technological faculty was headed by Associate Professor M.P.Antimonov.
The chair of leather and fur technology was headed by Associate Professor N.A.Mikhajlov;
the chair of meat and dairy products technology – Associate Professor T.V.Mjakenkaja;
the chair of heat engineering - M.D.Sanzhieva; the chair of electrical engineering
- A.F.Bovkun; the chair of organic chemistry - A.K.Kuzmina; the chair of resistance
of materials - N.V.Golubtsov; the
chair of economy and the manufacture organization - V.V.Meshcherjakova; the
chair of the foreign languages - V.F.Ivanov.
Associate Professor V.G.Shchepotko has been appointed as Dean
of building faculty, and the heads of the chairs became the following:
technologies of building manufacture - L.E.Milshtejn; architecture – Associate
Professor A.T.Nekhurov, Marxism-Leninism – Associate Professor S.V.Angapov,
higher mathematics - M.N.Matkhanov; descriptive geometry - G.K.Bulytov;
physics - P.R.Filippov; physical training - V.A.Vampilov.
From institute to university
The first academic years 1962-1963 the institute began with preparation
of engineers in three specialties translated from Buryat Agricultural
Institute: "Industrial and civil building" (full-, part-time, and evening courses),
"Technology of meat and dairy products" (full-, part-time, and evening courses),
"Technology of leather and fur" (full-time training). Enrollment of students made:
full-time training - 125 persons; evening courses - 50 persons, part-time training
- 100 persons. Total number of students in the full-time training - 598 persons,
in the evening courses - 117 persons, in the part-time training - 50 persons.
Pedagogical work in 16 chairs was conducted by 54 teachers.
Four teachers were part-time workers. Nine persons possessed degrees and ranks.
They were S.V.Angapov - Associate Professor, Candidate of Philisophy,
M.N.Bogdanov - Associate Professor, Candidate of Chemistry, B.Ts.Dondokov
- Associate Professor, Candidate of History, N.A.Mihajlov - Associate Professor,
Candidate of Techniques, D.SH.Frolov - Associate Professor, Candidate
of Techniques; Associate Professors - M.P.Antimonov,
N.V.Golubtsov, A.T.Nekhurov, V.G.Shchepotko.
Later in the institute new specialties were opened annually.
For example, in 1963 there were "Machines and devices of food manufactures",
"Machines and devices of textile industry", "Technology of milk and dairy products",
in 1964 - "Technology of mechanical engineering, metal-cutting machine tools and equipments",
"Storage and technology of grain processing",
in 1965 - "Electrical supply of the industrial enterprises, cities and agriculture",
in 1966 - "Thermal and gas supply and ventilation",
"Economy and organization of food stuff industry".
In 1963 the training and consulting point of Irkutsk Technical Institute
in Ulan-Ude was closed as a result of the order of the Ministry of the
higher and specialized secondary education of the RSFSR and its students of
the second and third years of study were translated in ESIT.
In 1966 specialty "Economy and organization of food stuff industry"
was been opened in the ESIT. Abolition of specialties "Storage and technology
of grain processing" and "Economy and organization of food stuff industry"
in Omsk had caused translation of the agricultural institute students to the ESIT.
By 1967 number of students has considerably increased.
If in the educational year 1962/1963 there were trained 1409 persons
at the full-time faculties, evening and part-time departments of the institute, in 5
years, in the educational year 1967/68,
already 6811 persons were trained at all faculties of the institute.
According to increase rates of number of students ESIT advanced other technical
establishments of higher education of corresponding profiles.
It is explained by faster development of industry in Siberia and the Far East,
in particular, such branches as mechanical engineering, textile, food-processing
industry etc. For example, in 1960 at the tanning and fur enterprises of the Eastern
Siberia only seven technologists with higher education worked.
In 1982, in 20 years after organization of ESIT,
at only one Chita factory of chromic leather 20 engineers - our graduates worked.
Till 90th the geography of the enterprises of tanning and food-processing industry
where graduates of ESIT worked, was rather extensive: Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Taganrog,
Krasnodar, Orsha, Yelets, Frunze, Dushanbe, Sverdlovsk, Kirov and other cities of the
Western and the Eastern Siberia, the Far East, some cities of Ukraine.
Many of our graduates worked and work as heads and chief specialists of the enterprises.
The basic specialties, where there was a preparation of engineers,
have been opened in the first five years. And since 1967 till 1987 the specialties like
"Technology and designing of leather products" - 1972,
"Cars and an automobile economy" - 1980, "Accounting and analysis of economic activities"
- 1982, "Manufacture of building products and constructions" - 1986,
"Electronic computers" - 1987 have been opened.
Enrollment of students from 1962 till 1967 considerably grew up.
If in 1962 it has made 125 persons for full-time training, 50 - for evening courses,
and 100 - for part-time training, in 1967 - accordingly 600, 350, 425 persons.
Knowing prospects of development of economy of Siberia, in particular Buryatia,
rector D.S.Frolov constantly put before the Government of the republic and the
Ministry of higher and specialized secondary education of RSFSR questions
of institute expansion and opening in ESIT new specialties. Demand in engineers
constantly grew in the republic and region. As a result the Ministry of
higher and specialized secondary education of the
RSFSR permitted to open eight new specialties within next five years.
Thus, ESIT developed very fast in 1962-67.
The contingent of students in part-time mode of study has increased from 590 to 2438 persons.
If in 1962 in separate specialties there were no evening and part-time modes of study in 1967
number of evening students has reached 1644 persons, and there were 1405 part-time
Approximately in 10 years after the institute organization there
has come the period of formation and accelerated scale development of East
Siberian Institute of Technology as one of the largest in the Eastern
Siberia training and scientific complexes. With returning of the first
target post-graduate students directed in due time from the technological
faculty of Buryat Agricultural Institute as Candidates of Sciences in ESIT,
it had been put one of the first strong fundaments in the basis of preparation
of scientific and pedagogical shots, development of educational process,
the beginning of scientific researches. As the first the following
post-graduates have returned in ESIT: D.T.Tsybikova, K.B.Mokhosoev,
M.N.Khalbaev, L.A.Maksanova, Ts.-D.B.Shojnzhurov, V.N.Biltrikov, N.N.Batorov,
D.T.Zodboev, N.S.Aldarova. Some of them have brought with themselves the
equipment gratuitously presented by that high schools where they began their
Our first Dr.Sc. leaned against experience, high methodology of training
in the leading institutions of higher education and introduced them, adapting
for conditions of our institute. As a whole, studying and use of experience of
the organization of training and scientific process of other institutions of higher
education yielded good results and promoted improvement of quality of preparation
of engineering shots in the institute.
Demand in preparation of scientific and pedagogical
workers for the next ten years (1972-1982) didn't decrease.
It would be possible to note many heads of the chairs and deans who have brought
the powerful contribution to formation and development of the chairs and faculties.
Here only some surnames. These are heads of the chairs: N.A.Mikhajlov, V.S.Dumnov,
M.F.Darmaeva, A.A.Vasilev, I.G.Neborak, N.A.Urkhanov, N.S.Aldarova, D.T.Tsybikova,
L.A.Maksanova, M.M.Baldanov, T.F.Chirkina, I.S.Khamagaeva, N.N.Batorov,
G.K.Bulytov, N.V.Bajandueva, E.V.Demin, E.A.Shodonov, G.N.Egorov, Ts.-D.B.Shojnzhurov,
A.K.Gergesov, A.I.Kolosov, A.N.Petrov, L.N.Upkunov, A.I.Zhidjaev, S.A.Mantatova,
Z.C.Molonov, S.Khityrheev, P.P.Buinov, V.K.Dyrkheev, A.V.Budaeva, V.D.Manzanova,
M.N.Halbaev, B.S.Shatonov, A.M.Kazantseva, L.G.Mikhedova, V.V.Vampilov and etc.
These are deans of faculties M.P.Antimonov, N.V.Grjaznov, M.D.Sanzhieva,
D.B.Bardonov, M.S.Agalov, Z.C.Molonov, V.N.Shutukov, B.A.Danchinov,
A.A.Vasilev, D.T.Tsybikova, I.V.Brjanskaja, M.M.Egorov, E.D.Tsyrenova,
nowadays working as L.A.Berdnikov, A.D.Matuev,
D.T.Balzhanov, V.V.Mantatov, P.K.Hardaev, L.N.Mansheeva, P.B.Mognonov.
Organic connection of educational process and research scientific work
of teachers and employees of the institute was an indispensable condition of successful
professional training. The talented students and graduates were involved in scientific
activity. So, in 1967 there were only 43 teachers with scientific degrees and ranks,
in 1972 - 132, in 1977 - 194, and in 1982 - 259 persons.
In June, 1982 the anniversary celebrations concerning the 20 anniversary from
the date of organization of the institute passed. The institute has been awarded
with the Certificate of honor "For achievement of the highest results in the
Russian socialist competition and successful performance of planned targets of 1982"
by the Ministry of higher and specialized secondary education of the RSFSR and the
republican committee of workers of education, the institutions of higher education
and scientific institutions. The institute collective has been awarded with the
same certificate of honor in 1972, and in 1980 - the diploma of the Ministry of
higher and specialized secondary education of the RSFSR and the Central Committee
of trade union of workers of education, the institutions of higher education and
scientific institutions "For success in competition of the institutions of higher
education of the country according to the results of 1980." The collective also
is awarded with the diploma of the All-Union society of inventors
and rationalizers "For achievement of the best indicators in inventive, rationalization
and patent and license work".
To the 25 anniversary of education in 1987 in the ESIT chairs 16 Doctors
of Sciences and Professors, 318 Candidates and Associate Professors successfully worked.
By quantity of teachers with scientific degrees and ranks among all institutions
of higher education of the Eastern Siberia and the Far East regions our institute
occupied the first place.
Efforts of all collective of the institute which has stepped a
25-year-old boundary of the existence, have been directed to improvement
of educational process, to careful working out of the necessary educational
and methodical documentation, to creation of conditions for
profound independent work of students on development of the future specialty.
During 25 years of existence the institute has prepared 21508 engineers,
including 14894 persons in full-time training, evening – 3964 persons,
part-time training - 2649 persons. 761 graduates of the institute have
graduated with honors. The engineering staff of the republic has grown
approximately for 12 thousand persons. The greatest quantity of engineers
is prepared in specialties "Technology of mechanical engineering", "Electrical
supply", "Building", "Economy and organization of food manufactures" which
basically remained to work in the republic. Already at that time it was almost
impossible to name the enterprises of mechanical engineering, food,
textile industry, building, power, motor transport, agriculture where our
graduates wouldn't work. Many of them became heads and ranking officers
in the party, Soviet, economic
and trade-union bodies not only in the republic, but also behind its boarders.
In 1992 ESIT has celebrated its 30 anniversary. It has turned at this
time to one of the large technical colleges in the East of the country.
The institute collective met this date for the first time without the first
rector, professor D.S.Frolov who died on January, 1st, 1992. Permanently heading
institute from the date of its organization, professor D.S.Frolov played
an outstanding role in scale development of East Siberian Institute of
Technology, as scientific and educational
center of the Eastern Siberia and its transformation into technical university.
In 1992 in ESIT six faculties of full-time training with 22
specialties and 45 chairs, part-time faculty with 19 specialties functioned.
At the full-time faculties there were trained 3975 persons, at the part-time
faculty - 2810 persons. The structure of students in these and previous
years was formed not only by natives of Buryatia, but also by representatives
of other regions of Siberia and the Far East on the basis
of long-term contracts with the enterprises, organizations and state structures.
During 30 years from the date of organization 26146 persons have received
diplomas of ESIT. In 1992 at the institute 505 teachers including 15
professors and doctors of sciences worked. They were V.V.Mantatov, T.B.Shojnzhurov,
J.B.Randalov, V.Z.Tsyrenov, V.B.Bazarzhapov, T.P.Antsupova, J.F.Mukhopad,
T.F.Chirkina, I.S.Khamagaeva, N.I.Atanov, R.I.Rykov, A.K.Gergesov, V.K.Dyrkheev,
Except them in ESIT 323 Associate Professors, Candidate of Science worked.
The idea of transformation of ESIT in technical
university has arisen after the state certification in 1992.
To the beginning of transition into the new status, in ESIT
the sustainable and efficient scientific and pedagogical collective was
generated. Main chairs were completed by highly skilled teachers. The most part
of them had the scientific degrees and ranks of Doctors of Sciences
and Professors, Candidates of Science and Associate Professors. All general
scientific and humanitarian chairs were headed by Doctors of Sciences. In
the scientific sector about hundred research assistants worked including eight
persons with scientific degrees. The postgraduate study in 11 specialties,
where 31 post-graduate students including
13 part-time post-graduate students were trained, functioned.
At the institute there operated the program of stage-by-stage introduction
of multilevel structure of preparation of the specialists directed to realization
of the state educational standard of higher vocational training and cardinal
strengthening of a fundamental and humanitarian component of education.
At that time the multilevel structure has been entered at the institute in
two directions of higher vocational training: "Technology of foodstuff"
and "Building". At the same time the chairs of the institute actively worked
on strengthening of direct communications with the enterprises
of Siberia and the Far East. In 1994 80 percent of graduates were distributed
according to the concluded contracts.
Thanks to huge work of all collective, its faculty, ESIT has deservedly
achieved transformation to a technical university. For a technical institution
this status of higher education is the certificate of deeper fundamental,
humanitarian and social and economic components of higher technical education
received within the walls of this institution of higher education.
In 1994 ESIT found the status of the State Technological University.
During this period experts of section of the Euroasian association of
universities carefully checking institute have noticed that "… East Siberian
Institute of Technology is dynamically developing institution of higher education which
was generated as the scientific, educational and cultural center of extensive area …"
From the moment of transformation of ESIT to a university its amicable collective
spent and spends the big work on achievement of indicators of the university
corresponding to the average level of indicators of leading technical universities
of the Russian Federation. It proves to be true undoubtedly high qualification of
teachers. For full realization of the problems connected with transformation of
institute in the center of education, science and culture of the Republic of
Buryatia, the complex program of development of East Siberian Technological
University till 2000 year which covered all spheres of its activity was
developed. Resource maintenance of the program provided expansion of
research and production, and commercial activity. The complex program
of development is a deeply well-founded scientific elaboration,
a transition to the new status which assumed essential reorganization
and perfection of all spheres of its activity.
In 1999-2000 educational process at the university was provided by 594
teachers including 385 persons (64,8 percent) with scientific degrees and
ranks. There are 48 (8,5 percent) Doctors of Sciences, Professors. That fact
that 31 teachers among the faculty are awarded high honorary titles of the
Russian Federation, and from above 115 teachers - of the Republic of Buryatia,
testifies the level of achievements of high educational establishment in
the spheres of science and education. In the public academies, including
three international, the university is presented
by 13 full members and ten member-correspondents. The state and other awards
are awarded to 11 employees of the university.
Nowadays at the university 15000 persons are trained. Besides, in two
branches of the university - Aginsk and Ust-Ylymsk - about 500 students
are trained. More than 1000 students are trained in the frame of the programs
of higher complementary education. The plan of recruitment at the expense of
the federal budget for 1999-2000 made 710 persons for full-time training and 280
persons for part-time training. There have been submitted 2103 statements for
full-time training and 617 statements for part-time training. The general
competition as a result has made 3,2 persons for one place. The greatest
competition was reiterated at the specialty of economic, electro technical
and ecological and humanitarian faculties. For example, on jurisprudence - 5,23;
for social work and public relation - four, computers - four. Basically
entrants were local, and also from the Ust-Ordynsky Buryat autonomous region
of the Irkutsk region,
the Aginsky Buryat autonomous region of the Chita region and the Republic of Sakha.
New information technology demands constant improvement of professional
skill of teachers of the university. It is organized in following directions:
bases of a technique of the higher school, learning of foreign languages,
information technology in education. The computer facilities park at the university
has grown and makes 600 personal computers equipped with printers, graph
plotters, scanners of
different format etc. Introduction of information technology at the chairs
of mathematics, physics, and chemistry extends.
For quality maintenance of preparation of experts and integration
into the international educational system contacts to many foreign
institution of higher education and educational centers are build and directed to
realization of joint educational, research and production, and
cultural projects. Among these institutes there are the following:
Tszilin Economic Institute of Trade, Tszilin Commercial Institute,
Chanchung Institute of the Russian Language (China), Mongolian
Technical University, Ulan-Bator Institute of Labour, Institute
of International Relations of Ulan-Bator State Institute (Mongolia),
Tokyo University "Oborin" (Japan), Seoul Academy of the Russian Language,
Education and Culture (South Korea) etc.